Since we have discussed some of the overarching differences between the different types of ballgames, their layouts and the significance of the ball game, we wanted to focus on specific examples of different sites that appear to have used the ballgame in their society.
To begin with, Pre-Columbian ball courts were not fully developed into what the ball game became in later civilizations. The ball courts were often used as religious shrines or for cosmological observation. The architecture of the ball courts showed significant orientations that related to the calendar and cosmology.
The ball court Chichen Itza, a sacred central site of the Maya civilization, was called the “Great Ball Court”. It was 272 feet long and 199 feet wide with open walls. The hoop was 23 feet above the ground, making it an extremely difficult feat to put the heavy rubber fall into the hoop. The hoop was not only that tall but hands and feet were not allowed, they had to throw themselves on the ground and used their hips to hit the ball. The size of the court, about the size of a football field, and the height of the hoop, made this activity extremely challenges and difficult. Specifically, at this ball court, the acoustics are very impressive. Still to date a whisper at one end of the court can be heard in the center, and a clap from the center can produce 9 echos around the walls. This feature shows a high level of sophistication and architectural understanding.
 Chichen Itza Pyramid
 Chichen Itza Ball Court Aerial
The ball court in Copan, another Mayan site is different from the ball court of Chichen Itza. It shows the variation between the ball courts of different sites. This court does not have the rings that a Mayan ball court usually contains. Instead it have 6 macaw heads which are used as the goals instead of the hoops.
Civilizations such as the one in Monte Alban, also employed the use of the ball game. The ball court in Monte Alban, like the Mayan ball courts, is shaped like an I. However, like in Copan, this ball court does not have any rings. The sides also differ from those in the Great Ball Court of Chichen Itza because they are sloped.  The absence of rings and the change in he structure of the court must have changed how the game was played dramatically from what we commonly see in Mayan sites. Like in other sites, the players often faced some form of sacrifice though it is controversial whether it was the winner or the losers who were put to death. In Monte Alban we also see that the ballgame was used to legitimize the rulers by associating the players with super natural forces.
 Monte Alban
Throughout Mesoamerica we see many different kinds of ball games played and employed in different aspects of society. The differences in structures of the walls and the hoops, must have lead to differences in rules and changed the difficulty of the game. It is difficult to say if more difficult layouts of the ball courts made the ball game more prestigious and elite in those societies, or if it had no correlation with this idea at all. However, despite the significance of the variation, variation existed throughout Mesoamerica even though the presence of a ball court remained a fundamental aspect of the sites of many civilizations.
Blomster, Jeffrey. “Early Evidence of the Ballgame in Oaxaca, Mexico.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. National Academy of Sciences, 6 Apr. 2012. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. <http://www.pnas.org/content/109/21/8020.full>.
“Chichen Itza.” Mexico. Magic Planet Productions, n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.<http://sacredsites.com/americas/mexico/chichen_itza.html>.
“Chichen Itza – Architecture.” Mystic Places: Chichen Itza. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.<http://www.world-mysteries.com/chichen_architecture.htm>
Finney, Dee. “MAYAN GAMES.” MAYAN GAMES. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2013.<http://www.greatdreams.com/mayan/mayan-games.htm>.
“Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán.” Word Heritage Center. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=31&id_site=415>.
“Monte Alban.” Sacred Destinations. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2013. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/mexico/oaxaca-monte-alban.htm>.
 Chichen Itza – Architecture
 Chichen Itza – Architecture